Horse Breeds-Part 1: Thoroughbreds and Quarter Horses
December 29th, 2009
At RAMM Horse Fencing and Stalls, one question we always try to ask is, “What breed of horses do you own?” The breed of a horse will provide information that will help us with what products we can talk to our customers about.
Most TBs are taller in height (not all, but many). They range between 5-2 hands to a 16-17 hand horse. That means that the smaller TBs back could be as tall as 5’ or over 5 1/2’ tall (one hand equaling 4”, this is how people could judge the horse height with out a measuring stick. They measured from the hoof to the horse wither or shoulder). This does not include the height of a horse’s head carriage. TBs were bred to be able to run the furlough faster than other breeds. They are clever with their feet, making them good horses for hunters, jumpers and dressage.
A thought for our customers when thinking about your horse’s height: Consider how tall they will be next to a 54-60” tall fence.
Also, we find out if the horse is “off the track” indicating that the horse has raced and may be “hot” (very racy, easily excited into a full fledge run). Or is the horse ready to perform a discipline, or is it already performing a discipline (hunters, jumpers, dressage, eventing, endurance, and more)? This will tell you if you need a strong, very strong, or taller fence, and electric or not.
We are always careful with suggesting electric with a “hot” horse in a small area. It may be a very poor decision for the horse. We suggest larger turnouts, for the horse to have time to “come down” and level out.
Another question we ask: “What is your horse’s temperament like?
Each breed has its own characteristics, but just like people, horses have their own personalities. Most TBs are reactors unless they have been trained well and consistently. With higher metabolisms, the TB may need more grain and hay to stay fit. Stall size may be 10 x 12 or 12 x 12. TBs can be many solid colors with the exception of color breeds such as Paint, Palomino, Appys, etc.
Most QHs are not as tall as a TB, but can be. The QH was named so because they can run a quarter of a mile faster than most horses (a sprinter). QHs were used on ranches working with cattle, as they are more even-tempered than other breeds. They are “easy keepers”. Most QHs do not require a lot of grain or hay to stay fit. They are most of the time “the good old boys and girls” that bring sanity to the pasture. Easier to care for, they are a choice for many. Due to their laid back attitudes; they may not need extremely strong fence. Electric can be a consideration.
We always try to ask the owner what their horse’s personality is like before we ASSUME what the horse is like. Stall size may be 10 x 10 up to 12 x 12 depending on size of horse. (Colors same as TB except a Chestnut may be called a sorrel).
Next Up: Arabians, Warmbloods, and Tennessee Walkers.